a water softener can transform your hard water into safe and healthy
Hard water in the
than 85% of the homes in the United States have hard water with the
softest water occuring in parts of the New England, South Atlantic-Gulf,
Pacific Northwest, and Hawaii regions.
Moderately hard waters are common in many of the rivers of the
Tennessee, Great Lakes, Pacific Northwest, and Alaska regions.
and very hard waters are found in some of the streams in most of the
regions throughout the country. Hardest waters (greater than 1,000 ppm)
are in streams in Texas, New Mexico, Kansas, Arizona, and southern
A home water softener is a treatment system designed to soften
water. Hardness is caused when water contain high
concentration of dissolved calcium and magnesium.
These work by reducing the dissolved calcium,
to some degree manganese and ferrous iron ion concentration in hard
water. This is achieved through a process known as ion exchange when
calcium and magnesium exchange ions resulting in a harmless salt
solution. The resultant softened water will be safe to drink and gentle
on home appliances and laundry.
How do I know I need to soften my
Hardness is measured in parts
per million or grains per gallon. Soft water range between 0 – 1
grains/gal; a very hard water is 10.5 grains/gal and over.
Water will begin to show signs of hardness when the level is over 1
You can test your water with test kits which are very
You can buy one for $10- $15 and then compare with the chart
provided with the test kit. Unless you are looking for a precise
measurement these inexpensive tests will give you the information that
you need to know.
major kinds of undesired effects of hard water.
How does a
water softener work?
visibly, metal ions react with soaps and detergents, hindering their ability to
lather and forming the familiar "scum" or "bathtub
ring". Presence of "hardness ions" also inhibits the cleaning effect of
and magnesium ions tend to deposit to the surfaces of pipes and heat
exchanger surfaces. This build-up of scale can restrict water flow in
water can also lead to galvanic corrosion, in which one metal will
preferentially corrode when in contact with another
type of metal, when both are in contact with an electrolyte.
body of a water softener is a tank filled with resin beads covered with
sodium ions. As hard water passes through, the resin beads act like a
magnet, attracting the calcium and magnesium ions in exchange for the
the resins beads become saturated with mineral ions and have to be
“re-charge”. This process is called regeneration and is conducted by
the control valve on the top of the tank.
regeneration, a strong brine solution is flushed through the resin
tank, bathing the resin beads in a stream of sodium ions which replace
the accumulated calcium and magnesium ions.
- The brine solution, carrying the displaced
magnesium ions, is then flushed down the drain by
fresh water. The regenerated resin beads can be used
again and again.
Quest Water Softener is engineered for maximum
performance with minimum maintenance. All components are the highest
quality in the industry and NSF approved. Our Water Softeners deliver
trouble free operation for many years with reliable service.
If you need a water conditioner that does not add any sodium to your water then my recomendation is a Crystal Quest Anti-Scale Water Conditioner.