Water Terms and Definitions

Here is a list of water terms that you may find on this web site:

Absorb: To take in and make part of an existent whole.

Adsorb: The act of an extremely thin layer of molecules adhering to the surface of solid bodies or liquids with which they are in contact.

American National Standards Institute (ANSI): This is a private, non-profit organization that administers and coordinatesthe U.S. voluntary standardization and conformity assessment system.

Aquifers: A water-saturated geologic zone that yields a sufficiently high volume of water to supply wells and springs at a rate so that they can serve as practical sources of water.

Bacteria: Class of plants having round, rod-like, spiral, or filamentous single-celled or non-cellular bodies, often aggregated into colonies living in soil, water, or organic matter.

Carbon block: A solid piece of carbon, to distinguish it, from granulated carbon used in some water treatment systems.

Carcinogen: Substance or agent with the potential to produce or incite cancer.

Channeling: An event that occurs when untreated water passes through a treatment device without contacting the filter material or resin.

Contaminant: In water, any substance other than hydrogen and oxygen.

More Water Terms...

Cryptosporidium (also known as Crypto): A protozoan (one-celled animal) associated with the disease cryptosporidiosis inhumans. The disease can be transmitted through drinking water. Cryptosporidiosis may cause acute diarrhea, abdominal pain, vomiting, and fever that last up to two weeks in healthy adults, but may be chronic or fatal in immuno-compromised people.

Diverter: A valve that connects to the end of a faucet with a mode to direct the tap water through the Patented Water Purifier to be treated and then back to the valve through a separate port.

Drinking Water: Water suitable for drinking.

E. Coli: Escherichia Coli is a bacterial species that is a major constituent of the normal intestinal flora of humans and warm-blooded animals. The predominant species of a group of bacteria known as fecal coliforms, E. Coli is used as an indicator organism of fecal contamination of water from sewage.

Effluent: Water flowing out of the system.

Flow Rate: The rate that a certain volume of water flows through the system usually measured in liters per minute (lpm) or gallons per minute(gpm).

Giardia lamblia: A protozoan that can survive in water for up to three months, associated with the disease giardiasis. The symptoms of this gastrointestinal disease may persist for weeks or months and include diarrhea, fatigue, and cramps.

Ground water: The water that systems pump and treat fromaquifers.

Influent: Water flowing into the system.

Inorganic contaminants: Mineral-based compounds such as metals, nitrates, and asbestos.

LED: Light-emitting diode that emits light when a currentpasses through it.

Microbiological: Having to do with microscopic forms of life.

Microorganism: Simply, an extremely tiny (microscopic or ultra microscopic) living being, such as bacteria, viruses or cysts.

Monochloromines: A disinfectant used for microorganism control in municipal water by combining chlorine and ammonia.

MTBE (Methyl-tert-butyl ether): An oxygenate added to gasoline to make it burn more efficiently. It can leak into drinking water from underground storage tanks, boats, and jet skis, and has tentatively been classified by the EPA as a possible human carcinogen.

Still more Water Terms...

NSF International: An impartial, independent third party organization that is recognized worldwide as a leading expert inwater treatment.

Oocysts: One stage in the life cycle of a large class of parasites.

Organic contaminants: Chemical molecules that contain carbon and other elements such as hydrogen. Organic contaminants of possible concern include chlorohydrocarbons, pesticides, and others.

PPB: Parts per billion or micro grams per liter (μg/L), ameasurement of a concentration on a weight or volume basis.

PPM: Parts per million or milligrams per liter (mg/L), ameasurement of a concentration on a weight or volume basis.

Particulates: Very tiny particles, pieces of dirt or minerals or organic matter so small they can be suspended in water. They may affect water's taste, smell, or clarity, but not human health.

Pathogenic: Organisms, including bacteria, virus or protozoa, capable of causing diseases in a host or person.

Potable: Water that has been tested and cleaned and deemed by health authorities or a municipal supplier to be suitable for drinking.

Almost done with Water Terms...

Protozoan: Any one of a phylum or subkingdom of microscopic acellular (no-celled) or unicellular (single-celled) animals. A protozoan cyst is a protozoan in a resting stage, when it has produced a resistant cover around itself. Some protozoans are serious parasites and are classified as 'health-effect contaminants'.

Radiation: The process of emitting energy, usually in theform of light (e.g.: the UV light).

Radioactivity: Materials that emit nuclear radiation, such as uranium.

Reservoir: A pond, lake, dug-out, or basin, either natural or artificial, for the storage, regulation, and control of water.

Sediment: Material in suspension in water or recently deposited from suspension; in the plural, the word is applied to all kinds of deposits from the waters of streams, lakes or seas.

Surface water: The water that systems pump and treat from sources open to the atmosphere, such as rivers, lakes and reservoirs.

Surrogate compound: A compound that can represent others for the purpose of performance testing.

TOC: Total organic carbon, a measure of the organic content of water.

Trihalomethanes (THMs): These are formed as a by-product of the process of disinfecting drinking water with chlorine or chloramine. THMs are suspected carcinogens. (TTHMs: total trihalomethanes.)

UV: Ultraviolet, the kind of light the Patented Water Purifier bulb emits. UV light has a wavelength shorter than visible light (such as daylight); it is destructive to the RNA and DNA of microorganisms.

Virus: The causative agent of an infectious disease.

Volatile Organic Compounds (VOC's): A group of organic chemicals that may leach into ground water or be discharged intolakes and streams in waste water from chemical, plastic, or petroleum plants, landfills, dry cleaners, or gasoline storage tanks. They may cause liver problems, anemia, kidney or spleen damage, or an increased risk of cancer.

Waterborne: Carried by water.

Water Terms: Any term that is associated with water.

This is a list of water terms that I will update from time to time.

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